Ice CORe DAting tools revisited to infer the dynamic of glacial – interglacial transitions over the last 1.5 million years

Ce projet a débuté en Décembre 2019 et devrait finir en novembre 2024; il est financé par l’European Research Council (ERC Consolidator). Son objectif est de développer des outils de datation pour les carottes de glace sur les longues échelles de temps pour étudier la dynamique des déglaciations passées.

Les premiers échantillons de ce projet ont été rapporté à notre laboratoire début 2020.

Vous pouvez retrouver le suivi de la mission d’Antoine sur la page « Missions passées 2019-2020 » et celle de Roxanne sur « Missions passées 2021-2022 » .

Résumé en anglais:

The Quaternary period (last 2600 thousands of years, hereafter ka) is the ideal period to evaluate our understanding of climate processes with general circulation models (GCM) used for prediction of future climate. During this period, the largest climate changes are glacial – interglacial transitions, hereafter terminations, the last termination being a classical benchmark for GCM. The rhythm of terminations changed from a world associated with a 40 ka periodicity to a world associated with a 100 ka glacial – interglacial periodicity between 1250 and 700 ka. The cause for this transition is a long debated question highlighting that the causes and mechanisms of terminations are still poorly understood. The timing and amplitudes of terminations indeed result from multiple influences of insolation forcing, ice sheet size, atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHG) concentration as well as shorter (millennial) scale climate variability. The big challenge of ICORDA consists in solving major puzzles on the mechanisms of terminations by deciphering these different influences using two key Antarctic ice core records: EPICA Dome C covering the last 800 ka and an ice core to be drilled in the coming years and covering the last 1500 ka. While ice cores provide unique continuous and high resolution climatic and GHG records, they are still too poorly dated on long timescales to address the aforementioned challenge. ICORDA aims at rethinking the way ice core chronology is built for decreasing drastically the associated uncertainties. This will be done by (1) developing a mechanistic approach for the interpretation of isotopic tracers used for ice core dating and (2) combining numerous low to mid latitude ice core tracers to provide a global picture of climate change during terminations. The strategy involves interdisciplinarity between climate, geochemistry, ecophysiology and innovative instrumental developments as well as field, laboratory experiments and modeling.

En 2022, des premiers résultats sont déjà parus pour ce projet: